M 76 (Little Dumbbell Nebula)

 

NGC 206 ist a giant star cluster located not in our Milkyway but rather in M 31, the Andromeda Nebula.  The Andromeda Nebula itself is said to be similar in size and kind to the Milkyway, our own galaxy, but is some 2.2 million lightyears away from Earth. The light collected for this image has thus been emitted long time before human life evolved.

 

M 76 (Little Dumbbell Nebula)

 

The Little Dumbbell Nebula (M 76) is certainly one of the best known objects in the autumn skies. The central bar is bright enough to be easily seen through mid-sized telescopes even under lightened skies. The central star is a close (optical) double-star with a distance of only about 1.4 arcsecs, although in fact the fainter component is really behind the nebula, so this pair is not a physical double-star.

 

NGC 7331

 

Among the most prominent galaxies in the autumn skies is NGC 7331, a magnificent spiral galaxy at a distance of about 50 million lightyears. Easily visible through mid-sized telescopes is only the bright core while the spiral arms require long-exposed photographs. The arms extend to about 100,000 lightyears hence this galaxy being about the size of our Milkyway.

 

Arp 273 (UGC 1810/13)

 

ugc1810_lrgb_2a-crop166UGC galaxies are often tiny and not exactly spectacular. This one is different: The pair of UGC 1810/13, also known as Arp 273, is a masterpiece of art: Prominent spiral arms reveal plenty of detail which can also be distinguished by its colour. Make sure to view the highest resolution.

 

NGC 891

NGC 891 may be the most ideal edge-on galaxy on the northern hemisphere. Looking at the galaxy’s disc from the side, the center dust lane is most prominent. In vicinity to this striking object, there are plenty of background galaxies some of the revealing extraordinary shapes, such as PGC 9101 at the lower left edge of the image.

 

IC 1340

 

IC 1340 is the southern end of the eastern part of the Cirrus Nebula NGC 6992/6995. Actually, IC 1340 refers to the small condensation on the top left reminding of waves in the interstellar medium. In this picture, south is up, east to the right.

 

NGC 5371

NGC 5371 is situated in the constellation of Canes Venatici half way towards Bootes. It is about 110 million lightyears in distance from Earth and its diameter is said to be about 130,000 lightyears. Hence, this face-on barred spiral galaxy is about 1/3 larger in diameter than our Milkyway.

 

NGC 6207

NGC 6207 (2016)

NGC 6207 is a tiny galaxy next to the famous cluster M13 in the constellation of Hercules. It can be observed in the evening skies during May and June. It is about 46 million lightyears in distance from Earth.

 

M 104 – Sombrero Galaxy

For its famous shape, this almost edge-on galaxy is well known under the name „Sombrero Galaxy“. The shape is formed by dust lanes projected against the galaxy’s core. This Sa or Sb-type spiral galaxy is located appr. 30 million lightyears from Earth and has a diameter of appr. 50,000 lightyears.

 

NGC 7814

NGC 7814 is an almost perfect sample of an edge-on spiral galaxy. Watching the galaxy nearly from its equator plane the dust lanes prominently project against the galactic core. This spiral galaxy is situated about 50 million lightyears from Earth and expands about 80,000 lightyears in diameter.